Romanian Institute for Human Rights
Human rights are inherent to every person, without discrimination, while the right to equality and non-discrimination are the fundamentals of the human rights legislation.
The very first article in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, also enshrine the basic principles of equality and non-discrimination under any circumstances as far as the exercise of all civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights that any human being shall enjoy.
The universal nature of human rights implies acknowledgement without any restrictions of human diversity which, irrespective of the differences between individuals belonging to various races, ethnic groups, age categories, religious or other communities, offer no justification for attitudes of exclusion and discrimination or forms of intolerance and aggressiveness.
Art. 14 in the European Convention on the Defence of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, “Prohibition of discrimination”, stipulates that The enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Convention “shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or other status”.
Nevertheless, racial, ethnic, religious discrimination manifest in the daily life hinders progress for millions of people in the whole world.
Racism and intolerance can take various forms - from denying the basic principles of equality down to the nourishment of ethnic hatred that could lead to genocide.
This is the reason why the United Nations Organization officially declared 21 March as the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, a day that also marks the beginning of the Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling Against Racism and Racial Discrimination, organized annually, on initiative by the United Nations General Assembly, since 1979, whose purpose is to raise awareness about the negative consequences of racial discrimination.
The international community also takes efforts to combat racial discrimination and promote tolerance. Elimination of racial discrimination is the opportunity to raise a world of justice and equality, where xenophobia and intolerance are inexistent. Sustainable peace can only be built on the assumption that all people have equal rights and dignity. Irrespective of ethnicity, gender, religion, social or other status.
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Durban Declaration adopted by the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, 2001
International Convention against apartheid in sports
ILO Convention No. 100 on Equal Remuneration
UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education
ILO Convention No. 111 concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
European Convention on the Defence of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Law No. 202/2002 on equality of opportunities for women and men ro
Government Ordinance No. 137/2000 on preventing and sanctioning all forms of discrimination ro
Government Decision No. 194 of 2001 on the organization and functioning of the National Council for Combating Discrimination ro
- Drepturi ale persoanelor aparţinând minorităţilor naţionale – Rights of the Persons Belonging to the National Minorities, coordonare Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Ioan Oancea, IRDO, Bucureşti, 1993
- Drepturile omului în România. Protecţia drepturilor persoanelor aparţinând minorităţilor naţionale – Human Rights in Romania. Protection of the Rights of Persons Belonging to National Minorities, coordonare Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Ioan Oancea, IRDO, Bucureşti, 1993
- Seminarul internaţional asupra toleranţei – Séminaire international sur la tolérance – International Seminar on Tolerance, Bucureşti 23–26 mai 1995, IRDO, Bucureşti, 1995
- Minorităţile. Identitate. Egalitate, Ion Diaconu, IRDO, Bucureşti, 1998 (Minorities. Identity. Equality)
- Egalitate de şanse, egalitate de tratament, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2000
- Égalité de chances, égalité de traitement, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, prefaţă de G. Conac, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2000 (Equality of opportunities, equality of treatment)
- Lupta împotriva rasismului, discriminării rasiale, xenofobiei şi intoleranţei, IRDO-ANUROM, Bucureşti, 2001 (Fighting racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and intolerance)
- Convenţia internaţională privind eliminarea tuturor formelor de discriminare rasială, ediţie de colecţie, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2002 (International Convention on the Eliminationa of All Forms of Racial Discrimination)
- A Culture of Peace, Democracy and Tolerance in Romania, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Comisia Naţională a României pentru UNESCO şi Institutul Român pentru Drepturile Omului, Bucureşti, 2002
- Fighting racial discrimination – Aspects, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, IRDO-ANUROM, Bucureşti, 2004
- Egalitatea de şanse pentru persoanele cu handicap. Instrumente internaţionale şi jurisprudenţă, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2004 (Equality of opportunities for persons with disabilities. International instruments and jurisprudence)
- Egalitate. Nediscriminare. Bună administrare, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Mihaela Muraru-Mândrea, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2008 (Equality. Non-discrimination. Good administration)
- Protection against racism and discrimination, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2011
- Nediscriminare. Autonomie. Incluziune. Instrumente privind drepturile persoanelor cu handicap şi jurisprudenţă în materie, Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Anna Neagoe, Ioana Cristina Vida, Alexandru Fărcaş, Dinu Ţepeş, IRDO, Bucureşti, 2012 (Non-discrimination. Autonomy. Inclusion. Instrument son the rights of persons with disabilities and jurisprudence in the field) ro
March 19, 2019
The celebration of the International Day of Happiness (March 20th) and of the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (March 21st) took place on March 19th at the “Nicolae Iorga” Library in Ploiești through the program “What makes you happy”, organized by the “Virgil Madgearu” College in Ploiești, in collaboration with the Adolescenţa Foundation, the Romanian Institute for Human Rights and “Nicolae Iorga” Library in Ploieşti.
This year's theme chosen by the United Nations for celebrating the International Happiness Day is “Happier Together” with the idea to emphasize the importance of getting closer to others for personal well-being.
The program presented by the Happy Team “Virgil Madgearu” College took place under the logo “Give a smile and donate a book!” And consisted of 2 sections. A section entitled The Colours of Happiness, in the form of interactive dialogues in which the motivation of happiness was emphasized, their personal feelings and perceptions about the meaning of happiness, the colours associated with the state of happiness. Also, Happy Team young people presented a collection of their essays and poems, as well as video clips and powerpoint materials to raise awareness, on education for well-being and happiness.
The second section focused on Diversity vs. Discrimination to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, which this year focused on diminishing and counteracting nationalist populist actions and extremist ideologies that fuel racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and intolerance, often affecting migrants and refugees, as well as people of African descent. Issues related to various types of discrimination, groups of people at higher risk of discrimination, as well as areas where the phenomenon of discrimination is more often encountered were presented. The students were awarded diplomas and certificates of attendance.
March 14, 2019
During the European Action Week against Racism the Romanian Institute for Human Rights in partnership with Adolescenţa Foundation organized the debate “United for Diversity” at “Spiru Haret” college in Ploieşti, on March 14, 2019. The target audience were t students of the 9th grade.
Documentary materials on the phenomenon of discrimination and its negative effects, as well as the areas where discrimination can manifest on the grounds of ethnicity, religion or gender, were presented, with examples of discrimination in the field of work, education, health, and public services.
In an interactive debate, pupils were invited to intervene, report cases of discrimination they were witnessing, and propose solutions to combat discrimination.
In the second part of the activity, students presented their own videos on tolerance and human rights, and their poems on non-discrimination, tolerance and acceptance of diversity without prejudices.
Through this activity, the students actively participated, asked questions and received answers, and they gained a comprehensive picture of the discrimination phenomenon that continues to make victims globally.
March 13, 2019
The Romanian Institute for Human Rights in partnership with Adolescenţa Foundation organized the Tolerance and Diversity Program under the European Week against racism and discrimination. The first event of the Program started on 13 March 2019 at “Mihai Viteazul” college in Ploiești. The workshop, addressed pupils in the 11th grade, with the objective of better understanding the phenomenon of discrimination and racism, which irrespective of the kind of criterion or reason leading to its manifestation, represents a serious violation of human rights.
The students learned under this Program about various types of discrimination, as well as their effects on society, on the school environment and on groups of vulnerable persons who are more at risk of being discriminated. The participants head the opportunity to learn about the institutions that deal with sanctioning cases of discrimination. An interactive debate followed, during which the students expressed their views on tolerance and on the acceptance of diversity, concepts on which this year campaign against racism focused.
The Romanian Institute for Human Rights through its work on this thematic area supported and encouraged the transmission of the campaign messages to youth. The main objective was better information and direct involvement in combating discrimination. Appropriate education and correct information can contribute to understanding and acceptance of tolerance and diversity and to preventing signals of hatred, discrimination or contempt for other people just because they seem different.
17-27 March 2018
Between 17-27 March 2018, the Romanian Institute for Human Rights, in partnership with Foundation “Adolescenţa”, initiated a number of events devoted to the Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling Against Racism and Racial Discrimination, whose objective was to raise the public’s awareness about the danger of discrimination and racism in the context of globalization. This year’s theme proposed by the United Nations Organization for the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination was “Promoting tolerance, inclusion, unity and respect for diversity in the context of combating racial discrimination”.
The campaign initiated by RIHR in partnership with Foundation “Adolescenţa” took place as Caravan “Diversity - Never enough”, which visited several colleges and schools in Ploieşti.
20 March 2018
Caravan “Diversity - Never enough”, devoted to the antidiscrimination-tolerance-unity programme, visited “Virgil Madgearu” Economic College in Ploieşti.
22 March 2018
The second stop of Caravan “Diversity - Never enough”, devoted to the antidiscrimination-tolerance-unity programme, was Secondary School “Sfânta Vineri” in Ploieşti.
26 March 2018
The antidiscrimination-tolerance-unity programme, materialized in the form of Caravan “Diversity - Never enough”, continued with College “Spiru Haret” in Ploieşti.
27 March 2018
The last stop of Caravan “Diversity - Never enough” was at Secondary School “Radu Stanian” in Ploieşti.